History of Ju-Jitsu in Japan Part 2

Aka Bara Bushido

Some Aiki-jujutsu schools followed the cultural wave of the other Schools to become Aikido. Much later the striéng arts shared the same fate at the hands of Gichin Funakoshi who did for the arts of striking what Kano and Uyeshiba had done for Judo and Aikido respectively. These forms are practised worldwide today and have become almost household names. What became of the old schools; well the old schools sill survive today but many in a greatly diluted form.

The main schools of Aiki-jujutsu did not join Kano’s synthesis of the ‘jutsu’ arts, preferring to remain independent. Morihei Uyeshiba was virtually the last representative of the ways to redirect their skills – sport was a popular choice, Sumo being particularly favoured among the biggest and strongest. Clearly the Meg goverment applied all thelr energies and resources into the new Cultural Japan and tried to leave the shackles of the old Japan behind but this was not met without resistance.

The birth of the new Martial Ways (Budo) /systems had happened and was picking up impetus in various countries of the world through the now many foreign trading connections. Just as it seerned to be gaining popularity, along came the next problem. World War 1.

The Japanese government withdrew its entire people involved in teaching the martial ways from various comers of the globe, in an attempt to avoid a politically sensitive situation. Virtually all the Europeans adept in the old ways perished during the war and the retuming injured remainder had somehow lost the direction to carry on.

Then followed a difficult period of rebuilding the new Budo, only to find, 20 years later war destroying this development. World War 2 was much more protracted than the proceeding war and saw the Japanese fight to the bitter end. However, once the war was over and government began allowing freer trade to industry and passage to their peoples, the development of Budo was back on track with the full support of the Japanese government.

Now, systems such as Karate, Judo, Aikido and Kendo, with the official backing of the Japanese government, began to flourish both in Japan and abroad. USA, Hawaii, Germany, Austria, Holland, France, South Africa, Great Britain, Philippines and Spain all shared a resurgence of interest in the Japanese methods of combat.

Many ex-servicemen retumed to their home countries and started teaching a form of Judo, though many of the techniques were founded upon Jujutsu. But few had any real Knowledge of Jujutsu and even fewer were qualified to teach (at this time a Minimum of 2nd Dan was required).

Then there is the notion that generally people usually like to take the easy way out and in stark contrast to some of the old forms, Budo forms were considered by traditionalists to be the soft option. Certainly from the standpoint of marketing a combative form, the Japanese took this softer option in order to attain the acceptance of the western world.

After 50 years of development, Budo systems of combat have become extremely popular throughout the modem world and despite the technical differences, the old schools have too earned a degree of official acceptance in this modem world of contrasts. It is known as ‘Kobudo’ a label which translates to the old martial ways.

The start of many Modern arts

Judo founded by Jigoro Kano in 1882 after he studied Tenshin Shinyo Ryu Jujutsu and Kito Ryu

Shito-Ryu Karate founded by Kenwa Mabuni in 1928, influenced by Naha-te and Shurl-te.

Goju-Ryu Karate founded by Chojun Miyagi in 1930 developed out of Naha-te.

Shotokan Karate founded by Gichin Funakoshi in 1836 after he studied Shuri-te.

Wado-Ryu Karate founded by Hironorl Otsuka in 1899 after leaming Jujitsu from his father and later
Shindo Yoshin Ryu Jugitsu combining them with Shotokan Karate.

Aikido founded by Morthel Ueshiba in 1942 after he studied Kito-ryu Jujutsu, Shinkage Ryu and Dalto-Ryu Ald Jujitsu.